Türkiye’de Sektörel Bazda Turizm ve Kadın İstihdamı İlişkisi (The Relationship between Tourism and Women’s Employment on Sectoral Basis in Turkey)
Keywords:Tourism, Economic growth, Women employment, ARDL model
Women's employment is an important part of women's empowerment from an economic point of view and is of great importance for both growth and development. Tourism development, on the other hand, has a serious potential to affect women's employment both within the sector and in other sectors. In this direction, with this research, how tourism development in Turkey affects women's employment in the agricultural industry and services sector has been tested with the help of various control variables and ARDL and Error Correction Models. According to the results of the analysis made using the data of 1991-2019, it was found that tourism development negatively affected women's employment in agriculture in the short term and positively affected women's employment in the service sector in the long term. In addition, it has been concluded that women's entrepreneurship activities have positive effects in terms of employment in agriculture and service sectors, and high school education does not affect both sectors in the long run. It is foreseen that the policies to be implemented by the policy makers regarding the development of the tourism sector will also support the increase in employment necessary for the empowerment of women. In addition to this, it is important to include practices that support women's entrepreneurship, gender equality and increase vocational training within these policies.
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